CohenUFO answers Kottmeyer (part 2) and discusses
Kottmeyer's kite theory concerning the 1965
Exeter, New Hampshire, USA sightings.
Looking for Exeter File-Part One? Click here
. . . .
Exeter File - Part Two
The Exeter Terrestrial Hypothesis
by Martin Kottmeyer
Before he grew up to be the master theorist who brought a stunning order to our understanding of the heavens, Isaac Newton first brought chaos. As a kid he liked to make and experiment with kites. At some point he invented a crimpled paper lantern, attached it to the tail of a kite, and started flying it at night. History records this "wonderfully affrighted all the neighboring inhabitants for some time, and caused not a little discourse on market days, among country people, when over their mugs of ale." As this took place in the mid-1600s, speculation included the concern that these lights were comets. Muses one historian, "By good fortune, Grantham was not burned to the ground."
This idea, indeed, doesn't seem like an especially smart thing to do, and it should surprise nobody that kids a good deal dumber than Newton have been doing the same thing over the years. A colleague showed me a reprint of an 1929 kid's manual called The American Boys Handy Book , which had chapters on how to make kites of several varieties. One version was called, "The Moving Star," so named for the paper lantern attached to the tail. To prevent setting the kite afire, the author recommends a small light wood and wire hoop frame covered by red tissue paper. A drawing is helpfully provided. The author adds in comment, "This lantern fastened to the tail of a large kite that is sent up on a dark night will go bobbing around in a most eccentric and apparently unaccountable manner, striking with wonder all observers not in on the secret." (pp. 21-2)
Needless to say, this same thing goes on to the present day. One popular guide to kites remarks that besides Chinese firecracker kites, "Lighted kites are also legendary. Japanese lanterns or small battery-powered flashlights can be put aloft." If you have a night with enough wind. (Wyatt Brummit, Kites , Golden, 1971, p. 97) Though unmentioned, flares are another option for modern pranksters. A really inventive fellow might even come up with something else.
My hypothesis is that the Exeter case is an instance of an upscale moving-star kite. Five strobe flashers linked to a sequencer are hung along the kite-line rather than a tail. They are powered from the ground by a small portable power supply like a motorcycle battery strapped to the body. A large box kite would probably work best since the double-wing surface would enable it to carry the weight of the lights more easily than other types. Meteorologists used to use them to haul up all sorts of recording equipment.
jc: To see exactly why Kottmeyer's theory fails to explain the Exeter sightings, if you haven't done so already, please read my answer to Mr. Larry Robinson , another UFO skeptic who, likewise, proposed fire balloons and/or kites as his solution. The familiarity one will gain with the Exeter case from reading this will allow one to view Kottmeyer's comments regarding kites in full perspective. Many of the points made there are valid for kites as well.
With this idea in mind, let's go back to our 6 points from Part 1:
- Why Exeter? The prankster probably lived there.
jc: An assumption on Kottmeyer's part . . no actual proof given.
- Why did the Exeter object flutter like a leaf? Because it was made of cloth and light wood. It was silent because kites are silent. It was defying most aerodynamic patters, but not those of kites.
jc: Two proposals by Kottmeyer, not really proven.
- The practical use of the flashing pattern and the extreme brilliance was to get the victim's attention and scare the hell out of him.
jc: Two more assumptions on Kottmeyer's part, neither really proven. Are there other possibilities? What about the possibility it is that bright so it can be seen long distances more easily when it flys in the vast reaches of space (or anywhere else)? We have lights on our planes for the same reason.
Additionally, it was, as the handbook said, an effort to strike wonder into all observers. The rural setting insured enough darkness to not give the trick away and to have the room to pull it off without a lot of bystanders who might see the prankster and squeal on him.
- The 60-degree angle is due to the lights being on the kiteline. The prankster probably had no intent to mimic the behavior of a flying saucer. He just wanted something really strange. This explains why the lower lights were always forward of the others. One usually is pulling the line back against the wind. I should perhaps add here that Air Force records confirm there was a wind out of the West that evening. Some reader of Fuller is inevitably going to point out that his book says "There was no windů" that evening. I don't know what he based it on, but it appears to be wrong.
jc: For a fallacy in Kottmeyer's last statement concerning the wind, please click here for some critical excerpts from the Pease AFB weather report, and what I discovered when I inquired a bit further. It is located within my rebuttal to author Larry Robinson.
The reason it doesn't travel far from the ground is because it is a kite, not a spaceship.
jc: If Kottmeyer was familiar with the Exeter case, he would have been aware of the following witness testimonies that demonstrate that kites are not adequate to explain what many people reported. Please see: 1) Smith incident and my comments concerning same, 2) further comments from Smith and two other separate witnesses, 3) interview with Mrs. Parker Blodgett and additional comments by officer Bertrand.
- Kitefliers can make their kites dive and have been known to scare drivers off nearby roads by a sudden stunt maneuver. Someone mischievous enough to hang strobe lights on a kite likely has the disposition to panic his victims with low passes. It was not too bright to do this to a cop, however, and one can well understand why the prankster would not come forward to claim credit for his spectacle.
jc: Then how do we explain one following a person for approximately 7-9 miles in a car? (at least 7-14 minutes of witness observation time.)
With no confession or statements from accomplices or acquaintances, it will likely be said this solution is unproven. Perhaps, but I have to say that the extraterrestrial solution is pretty much dis-proven and rendered foolish. Why opt for a solution that makes no sense when you have one that does?
jc: Readers can determine for themselves exactly _what_ has actually been proven or not, and whether Kottmeyer's explanations really explain what these people claim they actually witnessed.
And another classic bites it.
jc: . . . or not.
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12/2/2013: For a thorough expose´ concerning Joe Nickell and James McGaha's loudly proclaimed but poorly researched, severely data-difficient and untested 2011 theory titled 'Exeter Incident Solved,' *PLEASE* click HERE.
Although promoted as a solution for the 1965 Exeter case, their weak effort is certainly far from that. CSI (Committee for Skeptical Inquiry) should be ashamed of itself for supporting it. If you want people to respect you, why would you do this?
For more on Exeter at my web site, click HERE.
Also: For information regarding engine stoppages related to UFOs in 1957 (eight years before Exeter), take a look at THIS.